Bettencourt, Karachi, Libya, surveys of the Elysée, tapping of Nicolas Sarkozy, case Tapie: update on the thick judicial dossier for the former president of the Republic.

 
Bettencourt, Karachi, Libya, surveys of the Elysée, tapping of Nicolas Sarkozy, case Tapie: update on the thick judicial dossier for the former president of the Republic.

A first. Being place into custody Tuesday July 1er at the headquarters of the central Office for the fight against corruption and financial and tax offences (OCLCIFF) of the judicial police in Nanterre, Nicolas Sarkozy is the first president of the Republic to be subject to this regime. Custody following the revelations of the Express, that Nicolas Sarkozy had been bugged under suspicions of trading in influence, for which a judicial investigation against X was opened February 26, 2014, Mediapart published extracts from these conversations between the former president and his lawyer, Thierry Herzog.

TO READ ALSO

The five questions posed by the case of Nicolas Sarkozy listens

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Elements that indicate that the judges followed a track: these excerpts show that the magistrate at the Court of cassation Gilbert Azibert pre-launching well counsel for Sarkozy and worked to influence a decision of justice that should make the Court on the status of the agendas of the former president, parts which concern several cases which intertwine.

Because this new ‘Sarkozy affair’ is a ricochet from a previous, on suspicion of financing the campaign of Sarkozy in 2007 by Gaddafi’s Libya. Has also joined the case Bettencourt, as trading in influence for which judges investigating Sakorzy, and put it on listen, relates to a decision of the Court of cassation on the agendas of the former president, who had served justice when she looked at donations from Liliane Bettencourt to the UMP in 2007.

Not forgetting, of course, the psychodrama open right by the revelation by Le Canard enchaîné of clandestine recordings made by the former informal Adviser to Nicolas Sarkozy, Patrick Buisson. All while the former president hopes to clear the legal ground for his return policy.

In all these cases, difficult to find. We decided to resume folders one by one and to establish the identity of each of the business card.

SUMMARY

1. case Karachi

2. Case Libya-Sarkozy

3. case Bettencourt

4. case Tapie-Lyonnais

5. case of Nicolas Sarkozy listens

6. case of surveys of Elysium

1.case Karachi

The orange Tablet: indicted

The pitch

Suspicions of occult financing of the presidential campaign of Edouard Balladur in 1995. It would be operated is via the diversion of commissions, the famous retro-commissions on two arms contracts with Saudi Arabia (sale of frigates) and Pakistan (sale of submarines).

Then Budget Minister, Nicolas Sarkozy would have endorsed the creation of a shell company in Luxembourg, Heine SA, used to pay these commissions.

It should be noted that at the time, the payment of commissions to facilitate the conclusion of contracts was common and legal.

Names given to the case

Karachi, case Karachi, financial aspect of l’affaire Karachi, business of submarines, case Balladur

The characters

– Nicolas Sarkozy, then Budget Minister, then spokesman for the campaign of Edouard Balladur.
– Ziad Amiri, intermediate in Lebanese arms. He here helped the sale of frigates to Saudi Arabia and submarines to Pakistan. Mediation remunerated through commissions. Also involved in the Sarkozy-Libya case.
– Abdul Rahman El-Assir, second intermediate involved in the sale of the frigates and submarines.
– Nicolas Bazire, Director of the cabinet of Edouard Balladur at Matignon (1993-95) and Director of his presidential campaign in 1995.
– Thierry Gaubert, collaborator of Nicolas Sarkozy at Neuilly City Hall then at the Ministry of the Budget (1994-1995).
– François Léotard, Minister of defence at the time of the conclusion of contracts for weapons in 1995. Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres, it imposed the entry in the record of Ziad Amiri and Abdulrahman el-Assir.
– Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres, special advisor of François Leotard signing weapons contracts. Also former Minister of Culture.
– Jacques Chirac, after his arrival at the Elysee in 1995, it calls the end of the payment of the commissions.
– Dominique de Villepin, Secretary general of the Elysee in May 1995. It is to him that Jacques Chirac seeks to stop the commissions.

– Judge Roger Le Loire,
– Renaud van Ruymbeke, judge

Dates key

-November 1994: a contract provides for the sale of three frigates toSaudi Arabia
-September 1994: a contract provides for the sale of three submarines to Pakistan
-1996: Jacques Chirac, elected President of the Republic, ordered the end of the payment of the commissions
-8 May 2002: bombing in Karachi that killed 14 people, including 11 French, related to the sale of submarines to Pakistan
-2008: a report of 2002, previously kept secret, finds himself in the hands of justice. It binds the Karachi bombing to stop the payment of the commissions.
-2009: judges in charge of the terrorist pane of the Karachi case explain to the families of the attack in 2002 management that the new political-financial track is « cruelly logical » and is « the only credible track. This is the moment when « the case » begins.
-2010: initiation of an investigation
-17 may 2013: the press revealed that Judge Van Ruymbeke have proof of funding occult of Edouard Balladur campaign, via the activities of the second intermediate of the case, Abdul Rahman El-Assir.
-26 June 2013: Ziad Amiri, the first intermediate, confess its participation in occult funding of the year 1995 of Edouard Balladur judges Renaud Van Ruymbeke and Roger Le Loire.

Current procedure

Initiation of the investigation
October 7, 2010 by judge Renaud Van Ruymbeke. Against the advice of the Prosecutor who deemed the prescribed facts, it considered admissible a complaint for « corruption and abuse of social goods » in the case of any retro-commissions.

Indictments and charges

-Ziad Amiri, Thierry Gaubert and Nicolas Bazire , Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres have been indicted for concealment of abuse of social goods, between 2011 and 2013. Theabuse of social goods is punishable by five years in prison and 375,000 euro fine; the concealment of five years in prison and 375,000 euro fine.
-Ziad Amiri is also targeted for false testimony (imprisonment of 5 years imprisonment and a 75,000 euro fine) and money laundering (imprisonment to five years in prison and 375,000 euro fine) related to armaments contracts.
-Thierry Gaubert is also referred to for subordination of witness (imprisonment to three years imprisonment and a 45,000 euro fine). He is suspected of having pressured his former wife before, during and after the hearing thereof.
-Nicolas Sarkozy has not been indicted. Judges have nevertheless asked his hearing as « assisted witness » by the Court of justice of the Republic (CJR), in February 2014.

Read on Slate in connection with the case

10 questions about l’affaire Karachi
Who are the policies cited in the Karachi case?
Van Ruymbeke, judge boomerang

Read elsewhere
A good summary of the case, sound and image, world: understanding l’affaire Karachi in three minutes

Re come to overview

2.case Libya/Sarkozy

The pitch

Suspicion of financing hidden of the election campaign of 2007 Nicolas Sarkozy by Muammar Gaddafi, former Libyan dictator killed in 2011.

Names given to the case

Libyan funding, occult, Sarkozy-Libya

The characters

– Nicolas Sarkozy
– Ziad Amiri, intermediate in Lebanese arms. Would have organized trips in Libya of Nicolas Sarkozy and Brice Hortefeux. Also involved in the affair Karachi.
– Brice Hortefeux, Minister under the quinquennium of Nicolas Sarkozy, who acknowledged having accompanied him in Libya in October 2005
– Claude Guéant, Director of cabinet of Nicolas Sarkozy (2002-2004), then Secretary-General of the Elysée (2007-2011) and Minister of the Interior (2011-2012)

Dates key

-March 2011: first mention of the case by Saif al-Islam, the son of Gaddafi.
-March and April 2012: Mediapart publishes documents going in the direction of the charges of the son of Gaddafi. The first evokes visits Brice Hortefeux and Nicolas Sarkozy in Libya, as well as the role of Ziad Amiri in the establishment of the supposed methods of financing. The second speaks of the « approval » of the Libyan regime to « support the candidate Mr Nicolas Sarkozy’s electoral campaign ». The figure of EUR 50 million is also advanced.

-April 19, 2013: initiation of the investigation

-December 19, 2012:Ziad said Amiri hold evidence of funding in another investigation, the judge Renaud Van Ruymbeke on l’affaire Karachi.
-End April 2013: historical counsel for the regime of Muammar Gaddafi in France, Me Marcel Ceccaldi, made contact with judges and offers a testimony of four former Libyan leaders, that would go in the direction of the occult financing.
– September 2014: in an interview with L’Express, Ahmed Kadhaf al – Dam, a former dignitary of the Libyan regime, also egalement cousin cousin of Muammar al-Gaddafi, said the former dictator was ready « to engage all means so [Nicolas Sarkozy] to be elected in 2007 ‘, referring to the sum of several « tens of millions of euros ».

Current procedures

Initiation of the investigation
April 19, 2013, a judicial investigation against X was opened by the Paris Prosecutor’s office. The statement is entrusted to judge Serge Tournaire and René Grouman.

Indictments
None

Counts
The penalties for the suspected facts are as follows:

-Corruption: corruption active is punishable by ten years ‘ imprisonment and 150,000 euro fine, passivecorruption, five years ‘ imprisonment and 75,000 euros fine
-Influence peddling: ten years ‘ imprisonment and fine of€ 1,000,000
-Forgery and use of forged: three years imprisonment and a 45,000 euro fine, credited to seven years ‘ imprisonment and 100,000 euro fine for a person vested with public authority
-Money laundering: five years in prison and 375,000 euro fine
-Abuse of social assets: five years in prison and 375,000 euro fine
-Complicity and concealment of these crimes: five years in prison and 375,000 euro fine.

Read on Slate in connection with the case

The coup de bluff of Nicolas Sarkozy on the Libya
Sarkozy-Gaddafi: the betrayal to suspicions of corruption
Read elsewhere
Video of March 2011, where the son of the former Libyan leader evokes for the first time the funding and advance evidence have
Le Parisien: Amiri aims Sarkozy

Return to table of contents

3.case Bettencourt

The pitch

Sprawling case that includes several components. One in which Nicolas Sarkozy was involved, and for which he received a dismissal in October 2013, concerning payments of money to Eric Woerth, Treasurer of the UMP, by Patrice de Maistre, Manager of the fortune of Bettencourt, to finance the campaign of the candidate Sarkozy in 2007.

Analysis of the alignment of the dates of withdrawals from the accountant to Liliane Bettencourt Claire Thibout and meetings between the two men as well as the testimony of the accountant will lead to implementation review of Eric Woerth and Nicolas Sarkozy, only the first being dismissed in corrections.

Names given to the case

Case Bettencourt, case Woerth

The characters

-Nicolas Sarkozy
-Eric Woerth, departments of Governments Fillon I and II Budget (2007-2010)
-Liliane Bettencourt, heiress to the l ‘ Oréal group
– Françoise Bettencourt, daughter of Liliane Bettencourt
– Patrice de Maistre, Manager of fortune of Liliane Bettencourt
– Claire Taylor, former accountant for Liliane Bettencourt

-Jean-Michel Gentil, investigating judge

Dates key

-December 19, 2007: complaint of Françoise Bettencourt-Meyers, daughter of Liliane Bettencourt, against Francois – Marie Banier for abuse of weakness of his mother. The photographer and friend of Liliane Bettencourt is suspected of having dispossessed it of one billion euros in less than ten years.
– June 16, 2010: publication by Mediapart and the Point of recordings made surreptitiously in 2009 and 2010 by Liliane Bettencourt’s Butler, Pascal Bonnefoy. In addition to the suspicions of tax fraud to milliardiaire, third fortune of France, records launch suspicions of conflict of interest of Eric Woerth, Minister for the Budget from 2007 to 2010, while his wife worked for the Clymene company, which managed the fortune of Bettencourt.
– July 6, 2010: Woerth was accused by the former accountant for Liliane Bettencourt of recovering money in cash for the benefit of the campaign of Nicolas Sarkozy, 2007.

July 7, 2010: opening of the investigation

-November 14, 2010: Woerth left the Government
– 8-9 February 2012: indictment of Eric Woerth for trading in influence passive and overnight, concealment of illicit financing of political party
– November 22, 2012: Nicolas Sarkozy hearing by the Nice judge under assisted witness status.

– March 21, 2013: indictment of Nicolas Sarkozy for abuse of weakness

-July 4, 2013: Patrice de Maistre and Eric Woerth are returned before the correctional tribunal in the influence peddling pane

– October 7, 2013: dismissed in favour of Nicolas Sarkozy and referred to the Criminal Court of Eric Woerth in the financing component

Current procedures

Initiation of the investigation
July 7, 2010

Indictments and charges

-Eric Woerth, Patrice de Maistre and seven others indicted are returned before the Correctional Court of Bordeaux and will be tried in 2014 for abuse of weakness, they risk three years in prison and 375,000 euro fine.
In addition to the abuse of weakness pane, the two men have continued to influence peddling as part of conditions for reinstatement of the Legion of honor to Patrice de Maistre by Eric Woerth. They risk 10 years in prison and fine of€ 1,000,000.
-Eric Woerth is also indicted for concealment of political party financing, and risk five years in prison and 375,000 euro fine.
-Nicolas Sarkozy receiveda dismissal in the financing component.

Read on Slate in connection with the case

Case Bettencourt: the judicial nightmare of Nicolas Sarkozy (Flowchart)
Back on the Woerth-Bettencourt affair with le Eric Woerth Facebook newsfeed

Read elsewhere
The Huffington Post: case Bettencourt: the timeline from the beginning

Return to table of contents

4.case Tapie-Lyonnais

The pitch

The case dates back to 1992, when Bernard Tapie, then just named Minister, wants to sell Adidas. The sale, operated by a subsidiary of Credit Lyonnais in 1993, will be challenged by the businessman, who feels have swindled by the montage made by the Bank.

The possible involvement of Nicolas Sarkozy concerns the settlement of the case by an arbitral tribunal, a procedure that allows two parties to agree on the conditions and the choice of judges. The decision of the Court condemns in 2008 the CDR (Consortium de realisation, old structure of hiving-off of Crédit Lyonnais), i.e., the State, to pay him € 403 million, including 45 in respect of the moral prejudice. Minister of economy Christine Lagarde accepts this decision.

Suspicions of rigged arbitration stipulate when the revelation of ties between one of the three referees, magistrate Pierre Estoup, with counsel for Bernard Tapie.

Many venue of Bernard Tapie with Claude Gueant, Secretary general of the Elysee, and the president himself pose suspicion of influence of the latter in favour of businessman, in Exchange for its support to his candidacy in 2007.

Nicolas Sarkozy may be questioned as a former president, being protected by his immunity. On the other hand, it could be as the former Minister of the economy and the Interior from 2004 to 2007.

Names given to the case

Case Tapie, case Adidas, Tapie-Lyonnais case

The characters

Orange Tablet: indicted

-Nicolas Sarkozy
-Claude Gueant, former Secretary-General of the Elysée (2007-2011)
-Bernard Tapie
-Christine Lagarde, former Minister of the economy (2007-2011), current Executive Director of the IMF
-Stéphane Richard, former Director of cabinet of Christine Lagarde (2007-2009), current CEO of Orange
-Maurice Lantourne, Bernard Tapie lawyer
-Pierre Estoup, magistrate, one of the three judges in the arbitral proceedings
-Jean-François Rocchi, former president of the COR.

Dates key

-2007-2008:22 appointment of Bernard Tapie at the Elysee, whose four one-on-one meetings with Nicolas Sarkozy
– July 7, 2008: decision of the arbitral tribunal in favour of Bernard Tapie

4 August 2011: investigation of the RGC against Christine Lagarde for complicity in forgery and complicity of embezzlement of public good

September 18, 2012:Judicial information for abuse of social powers and concealment of this offence.

-January 2013: Search in Christine Lagarde, Stéphane Richard, and three judges referees.
– 24 January 2013: search for Bernard Tapie: reference to meeting with Nicolas Sarkozy
– February 27, 2013:search for Claude Gueant and his office
-23-24 may 2013: Christine Lagarde is heard by the Court of justice of the Republic. Assisted witness status
– May 29, 2013: Pierre put Estoup in consideration for scam band organized
– 24 June 2013:Bernard Tapie is placed in custody
– 28 June 2013: Bernard Tapie is indicted for fraud in organized band
– November 5, 2013: Pierre Estoup is indicted for forgery and use of forgeries
– March 19, 2014: third confrontation between Christine Lagarde and Stéphane Richard
-September 11, 2014: Le Monde publishes excerpt from a report of the financial brigade. According to the author, Tapie knew the conditions of resale of Adidas by Credit lyonnais and would therefore not of the request for compensation. The same report also accuses him of having perjury product to succeed.

Current procedures

Initiation of the investigation
August 4, 2011 for the investigation of the Court of justice of the Republic in the ministerial segment.

September 18, 2012, for theopening of a judicial investigation against X for abuse of social powers and concealment of this offence.

Indictments and charges

-Bernard Tapie, his lawyer Maurice Lantourne, referees judge Pierre Estoup, Stéphane Richard (former Director of cabinet of Christine Lagarde), Jean-François Rocchi (former patron of the COR), are indicted for fraud in organized band. They risk up to 10 years imprisonment and fine of€ 1 million.

-Pierre Estoup, also indicted for forgery and use of false, risk three years imprisonment and a 45,000 euro fine.

-Christine Lagarde is assisted witness. March 19, 2014, at the time of this writing, the RGC confrontre for the first time in his former cabinet Director Stéphane Richard. To the facts of complicity in forgery and embezzlement public for which the RGC investigation was opened, the penalty will up to 10 years in prison and 150,000 euro fine.

-Nicolas Sarkozy is currently out of cause.

-Several times announced in the press as the next on the list of judges, Claude Guéant is currently out of cause.

Read on Slate in connection with the case

Tapie, twenty years of favors from the left and the right
Adidas-Tapie, the myth of prejudice

Read elsewhere
The world: case Tapie: the involvement of Nicolas Sarkozy is now in the heart of the investigation
France TV Info: case Tapie: Nicolas Sarkozy may be worried?

Return to table of contents

5.case of Nicolas Sarkozy listens

The pitch

Tapping telephone, conducted after the departure of Nicolas Sarkozy to the Elysée Palace by the judges, revealed that the former head of State and Thierry Herzog, his lawyer, allegedly tried to influence a decision of the Court of cassation on the seizure of the agendas of Nicolas Sarkozy, critical in many cases parts (Bettencourt, Tapie-Lyonnais, Gaddafi).

Magistrate Gilbert Azibert, first advocate general at the Court of cassation, in exchange of a sudden diplomatic boost for a position of Counsellor of State in Monaco, could inform the Sarkozy camp.

The judges learned that Nicolas Sarkozy and his lawyer communicated with a second line opened by the former president of the Republic under the false name of Paul Bismuth.

Tuesday, March 18, 2014, Mediapart has broadcast excerpts from those conversations, which confirm these suspicions: Azibert was in contact with counsel for Sarkozy, information on the status of the case to the Court of cassation and interfered with the magistrates in charge of the latter. In vain, since the decision of the Court of cassation finally was not favourable to the former president.

Names given to the case

Case tapping of Nicolas Sarkozy, case Sarkozy

The characters

Nicolas Sarkozy

Thierry Herzog, lawyer of Nicolas Sarkozy

Gilbert Azibert, first advocate general at the Court of cassation

Dates key

September 3, 2013: start of wiretapping laptops of Nicolas Sarkozy in the case of Libyan funding.

February 26, 2014: information judicial opened against X for influence trafficking and violation of the confidentiality of the investigation.

March 4, 2014: searches at the home of lawyer Nicolas Sarkozy, Thierry Herzog, and Gilbert Azibert, judge at the Court of cassation.

March 11, 2014: the Supreme Court renders the decision awaited on the status of the agendas of Nicolas Sarkozy, seized by justice: they will remain in his possession and can therefore be used as evidence in cases Bettencourt, Crédit Lyonnais-Tapie and the Libyan funding assumed the campaign of Nicolas Sarkozy in 2007.

June 30, 2014: warning in view of counsel for Nicolas Sarkozy Thierry Herzog and of magistrate Gilbert Azibert.

July 1, 2014: custody of Nicolas Sarkozy, indicted in the night for active bribery, trading in influence and concealment of breach of professional secrecy.

July 17, 2014: a presidential decree said that Gilbert Azibert leaves its function to the Court of cassation in its application.

September 12, 2014:Lawyers for Nicolas Sarkozy and Thierry Herzog filed an application for the annulment of the procedure: they challenge the legality of the wiretaps on which rests the record of judges.

Current procedures

Initiation of the investigation
On February 26, 2014

Indictments
Nicolas Sarkozy has been indicted for « active corruption », « trading in influence » and ‘concealment of breach of privilege’ on the night of Tuesday 1ER-Wednesday, July 2 after spending the day in custody at the headquarters of the central Office for combating corruption and financial and tax offences (OCLCIFF) of the judicial police of Nanterre.

Thierry Herzog, lawyer of former head of State, Gibert Azibert, first advocate general with the second Chamber of the Court of cassation, and Patrick Sassoust, the Criminal Court of cassation Chamber general counsel and former deputy general at the Court of appeal of Bordeaux are also indicted.

Counts
The penalties for the suspected facts are as follows:

Violation of the secrecy of the statement: a year imprisonment and a fine of € 15,000.

Influence peddling: ten years ‘ imprisonment and fine of€ 1,000,000

Concealment: five years in prison and 375,000 euro fine.

Read on Slate in connection with the case

There is a new ‘deal Sarkozy’. Here are the three questions it poses

Return to table of contents

6. business surveys of the Elysée

The pitch

This case focuses on the practice of command of opinion surveys by the Elysée Palace from the time of Nicolas Sarkozy. It puts in doubt the regularity of contracts entered into between the Presidency and nine polling institutes, including a firm Patrick Buisson.

Names given to the case

Case surveys, surveys of the Elysée case, opiniongate

The characters

Nicolas Sarkozy

Patrick Buisson, former adviser to Nicolas Sarkozy and Director of consultancy Publifact

George Bush, son of Patrick Buisson, shareholder and Manager of Publifact

Emmanuelle Mignon, former Director of the cabinet of Nicolas Sarkozy

Pierre Giacometti, former advisor to Nicolas Sarkozy and Director of an another research firm put in question

Dates key

2009: publication of the report of the Court of Auditors

November 7, 2011: Chamber of the Court of appeal of Paris opposes the initiation of an investigation

October 11, 2012: a preliminary investigation was opened by the Paris Prosecutor’s office on the conditions under which have been ordered polls by Matignon and other departments, when François Fillon was Prime Minister

December 19, 2012: the Supreme Court cancels and breaks the judgment of 2011. Initiation of Tournaire j. on the contract concluded in 2007 between the Elysee and Publifact, the company’s Patrick Buisson.

January 2013: j. Tournaire extends its investigation to all ordered opinion polls during the quinquennium of Nicolas Sarkozy.

April 4, 2013: Search at the office and home of Patrick Buisson

Current procedure

Initiation of the investigation
December 19, 2012 by j. Tournaire

Indictments
None.

Counts
The penalties for the suspected facts are as follows:

Complicity and concealment of these crimes: five years in prison and 375,000 euro fine.

Patronage: two years ‘ imprisonment and 30,000 euro fine

Embezzlement of public funds: ten years ‘ imprisonment and a fine of 150 000 euros (until end of 2013).

Read elsewhere

Report of the Court of Auditors
Marianne: Patrick Buisson, a guru near its
Le Parisien: polls: Fillon under investigation

Return to table of contents

Captions and photo credits

-Patrick Buisson and Emmanuelle Mignon during a meeting of Nicolas Sarkozy, may 4, 2012 at les Sables D’olonne. REUTERS/Philippe Wojazer
-Nicolas Sarkozy in Nice, on March 10, 2014. REUTERS/Eric Gaillard
-Nicolas Sarkozy, December 11, 2009. REUTERS/Yves Herman.
-Bernard Tapie in October 2005. REUTERS
-Liliane Bettencourt interviewed by Claire Chazal aired on TF1 on July 2, 2010 / Nicolas Sarkozy November 2012. REUTERS/Benoit Tessier
-Al-Gaddafi and Nicolas Sarkozy, December 10, 2007 at the Elysee. REUTERS/Jacky Naegelen.
-Patrick Buisson at a ceremony for the 600th anniversary of Joan of Arc, to Vaucouleurs, January 6, 2012. REUTERS/Philippe Wojazer / / Nicolas Sarkozy in Orleans, February 3, 2011. REUTERS/Dylan Martinez

Jean-Laurent Carpio and Andréa Fradin

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•France
•It is in the news
•Nicolas Sarkozy
•Jean-François Copé
•Eric Woerth
•Bettencourt
•case Bettencourt
•case Karachi
•Muammar al-Gaddafi
•Maistre Patrice
•François-Marie Banier
•Patrick Buisson
•Credit Lyonnais
•Bernard Tapie
•Adidas
•arbitral tribunal
•Stéphane Richard
•Christine Lagarde
•Claude Guéant
•Brice Hortefeux
•Justice
•Political Affairs
•UMP
•politics. Financing
•Ziad Takkiedine
•corruption
•influence peddling
•misuse of corporate assets
•scam
•fake
Langue source

Une garde à vue qui fait suite aux révélations de L’Express, selon lesquelles Nicolas Sarkozy avait été mis sur écoute dans le cadre de soupçons de trafic d’influence, pour lesquels une information judiciaire contre X a été ouverte le 26 février 2014, Mediapart a publié des extraits de ces conversations entre l’ancien président et son avocat, Thierry Herzog.

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