7 March 1936 the Nazi Germany military reoccupied the Rhineland
Wednesday, April 8, 2015.
Source: Jacques Serieys Sélection 3
From 1920 to 1938, international capitalism, Great Britain and the USA want to use Germany as a spearhead against the Soviet Union. Nothing better to do this than a fascist Third Reich. Their priorities are not conflicting with those of the German nazis.
– Hitler proposed a division of the world into three major zones of influence leaving to the continental Europe Germany, especially Eastern.
Many reasons should push the USA and Great Britain at least financially support Hitler and at least cover it diplomatically.
Upon accession to the Chancellery in Berlin in 1933, he did open concentration camps whose ignominy foreshadows perfectly what they will become then.
Document of March 1934 on the first nazi concentration camp, opened in 1933: Dachau
« Dachau, in the camp of the murderers » book of Hans Beimler published in August 1933 on the beginnings of the extermination camps
Genocide of the German left and the Jews by the nazis: night of Christmas concentration Fuhlsbuettel extermination camp 1933
Nationalist, expansionist, totalitarian and racist Hitler projects are perfectly known, as it does in never hid.
If Britain and the USA had wanted to mark a limit to Hitler before 1938 1939, several opportunities they were offered. Here’s one from March 7, 1936.
Following the first world war, the Treaty of Versailles (June 28, 1919) forbade any movement of troops on the left bank of the Rhine and in a band of 50 kilometres on the right bank to the Germany. If it violated these provisions, it would be considered a hostile act towards the powers signatories (United States, Great Britain, France…) and as a disturbing the peace of the world.
The Treaty of Locarno (October 16, 1925) had further strengthened the threat of sanctions in Exchange for a gradual evacuation of foreign troops in the Ruhr; It stipulated that a violation of these points would be considered as aggression on the part of the Germany resulting in an action of the powers signatories (including Great Britain, France, Belgium…) against it. In addition, the matter should be brought before the League of Nations to be discussed. The Germany itself engages in these agreements comply with the demilitarisation of the Rhineland.
From 1929 to 1930, large international capital confers to face the financial and economic crisis. It appears the plan Young (industrialist, businessman, lawyer and American diplomat), which continues the project of strengthening Germany as a spearhead against the Soviet Union regardless of any other consideration. The Treaty of Versailles to lapse on several points including that of « reparations »; the last French troops evacuate the Rhineland during the summer 1930.
In January 1933, Hitler came to power. Many politicians of the French left include the danger it represents, a few politicians right also including Louis Barthou, elected right moderate and Minister of Foreign Affairs.
It makes contact with Great Britain little interested in concerted action to counter Hitler in which she sees a great ally against the labour movement and the Soviet Union. Barthou also makes contact with Moscow which applauds this initiative and immediately opens discussions.
On October 9, 1934, Louis Barthou was killed, probably to prevent an alliance with the Soviet Union against Hitler. The fatal bullet came from the weapon of a french policeman. Journalists and historians have long noted some oddities in this case, in particular the fact that a Foreign Minister has not benefited from the urgent care that his condition requires.
Everything is done to avoid clarifying this most serious act; to calm public opinion, the Croatian Ustashe are designated as leaders.
9 October 1934 Louis Barthou was killed, to prevent an alliance with the Soviet Union against Hitler?
The danger represented by the Nazi Germany stating from month to month, the french and Soviet Governments buried not the draft Treaty of military assistance. However, the international labour circles, and especially french, lead a despicable and systematic campaign against this hypothesis.
The Franco-Soviet Treaty of mutual assistance, prepared by the Ministers for Foreign Affairs, Maxim Litvinov and Louis Barthou was signed on May 2, 1935.
It provides in particular:
« The president of the French Republic and the central Executive Committee of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Soviet, animated by the desire to strengthen peace in Europe and to ensure the benefits to their respective countries more fully ensuring the correct application of the provisions of the Covenant of the League of Nations to maintain national security, territorial integrity and political independence of Statesdecided to devote their efforts to the preparation and conclusion of a European Agreement on this subject, and meanwhile, to contribute, as much as it depends on them to effective enforcement of the provisions of the Covenant of the League of Nations, have resolved to conclude a treaty to this effect. »
« In case the France or the USSR would be the object of an aggression not caused on the part of a European State, despite the genuinely peaceful intentions of the two countries, the USSR and vice versa the France is will immediately lend aid and assistance.
February 27, 1936, a majority of french deputies validate this Treaty despite the opposition of a large part of the right that screams Bolshevik treason. The staff of the French army is also totally opposed to the Treaty and already positioned on the wavelength ‘Rather Hitler than the Popular Front’.
In early 1936, Hitler knows he must quickly take the initiative to remilitariser the Ruhr if he wants to strengthen his popularity in Germany and blow up the Franco-Soviet agreement until it is followed by concrete provisions
It is their first time force international. Let them do it means give them want to try in others, means paving the way for the triumph, to the less cyclical, fascism in Europe.
The military power of the Nazi Germany remains very limited. « On March 7, 1936 was probably the last opportunity to put a stop to the policy of the fait accompli of the Third Reich, » writes the historian René Rémond.
Indeed, the staff of Berlin considers his army totally unable to resist a French reaction if it happens in this month of March 1936 and does not support Hitler on this point.
However, this March 7, 1936, 30000 German soldiers penetrate in the Rhineland and parade in the main cities (Cologne, Düsseldorf… )
The historian Martin Allen describes perfectly the situation in this decisive day which opens the way to World War II.
At the time where the Reichwehr troops crossed the Rhine bridges, Hitler was waiting on his special train. The atmosphere was tense, the Führer remote and worried, until the train stopped at a station and be provided with a message. Hitler read and let out a sigh of relief in exclaiming « Finally! The King of England is not going to intervene. It keeps Word. This means that everything will be okay. »
On 11 March, the British Government rejected the representative of the french government (Flandin) who wants the British agreement for a French military intervention. « After all, the Germans do that back in their garden » says Lord Lothian. In the Commons, Foreign Minister Anthony Eden makes a surprising commitment « We do fortunately have no reason to suppose that the actions of the Germany pose a threat ».
Several decades after the end of the second world war, let Hitler take itself the balance sheet of March 7, 1936. « If the French had penetrated in the Rhineland, we should withdraw the tail between the legs because the military resources available to us would even not allow us a modest resistance. » (Paul Schmidt, interpreter of Hitler).