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Hi all

The Commission embarrassed by the tax scandal « LuxLeaks… « .GAG!

Tax evasion in the Luxembourg: Juncker said « politically… « GAG!

HSBC: a massive tax fraud scheme unveiled by «Le Monde»GAG!

How corporations dodge the taxman through the Luxembourg…GAG!

I was thinking about the attacks false and petty, that the EU (President of the European Parliament – Martin Schulz, President of the European Council – Donald Tusk, President of the European Commission – Jean-Claude Juncker;)European, there is only the name,) spread, with brother Valls, then one realizes that it is a pat orchestrated plot Valls, which aims to put the fine the FN, FN suspected of fraud, which start me, is that SCHULZ, TUSK, JUNKER are the biggest fraudsters GAGs to read Juncker at the center of a tax scandal involving 340… – Politis, is the hospital, who care about charity, wanting him to make him pay his meteoric rise (and is is not finished), and destabilized, light, different slaps, election, the left is is taken because of him and his fascist policy, and Holland, who is also exceed by the events, and which is better for him It does more nothing apart from travel, to represent the France, it would be better to stay at TULLE even TULLE, it do not, want I conpremds, it just seem free, but there is nothing, « the toothless » some were really not appreciated (this surprise me strong that he could be re-elected, would be as, Mayor), shortthese gentlemen and especially Valls, who looks to make a personal case, have beautiful, put sticks in the wheels, although it said and whatever we do, it is MARINE LE PEN, who will represent France, and the March elections will show to all, and especially to the EU, which finally shows his true face (uneu grosseu arnaqueu) that the left will still take a beating, e and, the, there, I plan the monumental, just because it made over 40 years, that you grugez us, lie, you we made do, or say, that said I realize that it has no desire, account valls brings the world in its fall, it has already reduced, SCHULZ, TUSK, JUNKER others will also follow , such as Rothschild (Bauer, in fact), the Rockefeller family of New York, Arkansas, W. Virginia, Argentina and the Australia. , . the family of Edgar Bronfman of Canada and the u. s. (spirits distillation of Seagram, film Studios, media). Michael Eisner, insider bumps media (ABC Co. )Disney, TV, film, manufacturing and distributing).,. Bill Gates (Microsoft Co.)Magna cum Laude graduate school Rockefeller of the company, George W. Bush (the President of United States of America), first-rate traitor. Queen Elizabeth II (family Windsor of Great Britain), German and Greek usurpers of the British Crown. ( )Like, why, usurper would be lied to children of the so-called Crown and the English, it would not have a vague link with the windsors (saxe coburg and gotha), chais not to see! The Rothschild Manifesto – circa 1840? | 2012: What’s the…) Alan Greenspan (Chairman of the Federal Reserve System, fractional reserve banking official, George Soros, the Bush from Texas and Maine family, Financiers du IIIe Reich, Adolph Hitler, benjamin NETANYAHU, is not Rothschild, who the put, or, it is )

AH,! if you don’t believe me here is the link! The Rothschild Manifesto – circa 1840? | 2012: What’s the…

VERY very very interesting, and after, we OSE accused the FN of fraud, it is the hospital, which cares for charity

As in every once in a massive leak of secret documents, originally remaining fuzzy case. It is probably one of the 2 300 employees at the Luxembourg of the company PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), a whistleblower as they are called now, which has released archives 548 confidential agreements between the tax authorities of the Grand Duchy and more than 340 multinationals.

Some of these documents in any case landed in the hands of reporters from the BBC and french journalist Edouard Perrin, which drew two documentaries for France 2 in may 2012 and then in June 2013 in the magazine Cash Investigation « . The following year, the bundle full, thick 28 000 pages, arrives in Washington at the offices of the International Consortium of Investigative journalists (ICIJ). There are detailed 230 secret agreements with American groups, 197 with Britons, 86 Germans, 67 Swiss, 58 french and so on for 82 countries… to Liberia and the Mongolia.

As for the previous large survey on tax havens, OffshoreLeaks, published in April 2013, ICIJ share these documents with a quarantine of the whole Heather media, including Le Monde. After a first meeting in Brussels in June 2014, the consortium launches online database as well as a secure forum, real writing…

10 12-2014-aggressive tax evasion of multinational companies, advised by Ernst & Young, PricewaterhouseCoopers & Deloitte and KPMG, have developed a sophisticated tax device centered on the Grand Duchy, with the aim of reducing the burden of taxes (see 0%).

Of hundreds of millions of euros escape via the Luxembourg tax for not pay to the tax authorities -0% This is not for the small citizens who must contribute (with or without consultation) more and more to tax tax, because all that money hidden in tax havens which must pay anything! (Government Michel).
10-12-2014
New revelations about tax evasion of multinational corporations to the Luxembourg

Advised by Ernst & Young, PricewaterhouseCoopers,Deloitte and KPMG.
Developed a sophisticated tax device centered on the Grand Duchy,with the aim of reducing theirincome taxexpense.

New revelations about tax evasion of multinational corporations to the Luxembourg

Thirty groups are challenged by new confidential documents to the American consortium of investigative journalism.

via: http://www.lemonde.fr

Fiduciaries
Ernst & Young trustee CVBA | EY trustee …
ey-Fiduciaire.be/en/MS/MS/ Ronse-9600
GP fiduciaries. Ernst & Young Trustee CVBA, we will make the difference…. 9600 Ronse, Ronse. 055 23 77 55. 055 20 92 36.
http://www.ey.com/be.

Case LuxLeaks, season 2. Languages people start to speak since the issuance, on 6 November, thesurvey of 40 international media associated with the consortium of ICIJ (International Consortium of Investigative Journalists) American investigative journalism – which World, for France – practices of tax evasion aggressive multinationals renowned in Luxembourg (Heinz, Verizon, Pepsi, IKEA, etc.). New confidential tax agreements obtained from the authorities of the Grand Duchy by some 30 groups and foreigners, including US, have indeed managed to the ICIJ in recent weeks.

See also edition subscribers: LuxLeaks: 28 000 pages of secret documents, 548 confidential agreements
Below, VIDEO All that allows money and exempt from taxes .
These agreements have been designed by the greats of the Council and the audit between 2003 and 2011: PricewaterhouseCoopers, Ernst & Young, Deloitte and KPMG.
They just grow an already long list of more than 300 names ofcompanies established in Luxembourg for tax reasons and to confirm the status of tax for multinational haven of the Grand Duchy, elbow-to-elbow withIreland and the Netherlands .
A SOPHISTICATED TAX ARRANGEMENTS
Among these new cases of companies, one of the most iconic Walt Disney Company focuses the attention. It shows once again the appetite of major American groups, pushed to the wheel by their shareholders for tax optimization. Profits, in the United States, being taxed according to the principle of globality-stipulating that the profits made everywhere in the world should be taxed on American soil – the issue of tax optimization, for American multinationals, is to block the revenues earned outside the United States, far from their parent, so that they can not be caught by the tax authorities American.
The scheme set up by Disney in the Luxembourg seems to respond to this concern… Such manoeuvres, used by many American groups, would cost total billions of dollars of tax revenue each year to the Treasury. They overreach also countries where those multinationals are located and making profits, and where they are taxed according to the principle of territoriality – profits are taxed there where they are made, in a dialogue with the US tax administration.
Thus, in the light of the documents obtained by the ICIJ, Disney, advised by Ernst & Young has developed a sophisticated tax device centered on the Grand Duchy, with the aim of reducing itsincome tax expense in the United States and Europe. The schema is based mainly on three companys specially created at the Luxembourg: two entities to which are connected 24 subsidiaries (including subsidiaries in France, Italy, Germany, the United Kingdom or Australia), and a third entity, Central in the device (Wedco One LLC
Holdings SCA), which acts as the internal Bank Group and loans to the subsidiaries…
This is what is the tax Tip: these loans are granted at an interest rate very high with the sole purpose of siphoning the profits of subsidiaries located in countries with normal taxation or levels (such as in France and Germany) for the repatriation to the Luxembourg where they will be very weakly taxed. According to calculations starting from the records of the ICIJ, the system would have allowed Disney topay less than 1% of income tax centralized in Luxembourg over the period 2009-2013.
See also the explanation: ‘Tax ruling’, or how the Luxembourg legalized tax evasion
FRANCE LEEM IN TAX REVENUES?
This Luxembourg scheme is complemented by a Cayman Islands entity that owns 16 other companies of Disney in Europe and Australia and also allows it to exempt important benefits. This entity sends indeed its profits to the Luxembourg in the form of dividends (not imposed). According to the documents, the France, the Germany and the United Kingdom could have been injured in tax revenues. Because between 2009 and 2013, two to 5.7% interest loans by Wedco Lux at the French subsidiary, which cost him € 16 million… Ditto for the United Kingdom with 181 million euros of interest paid by two subsidiaries of Disney to the United Kingdom at the Bank of the group to the Luxembourg.
Meanwhile, the Cayman company donated to the Luxembourg in four years 837 million euros of dividends. According to the ICIJ, one person would be established at the Luxembourg for y Manage Disney companies! Questioned by the consortium in the United States, Disney refused to make any comments on the documents but said « have paid in the United States for an overall tax rate of 34% over the past five years ». « We responsibly manage our fiscal policy and our aim is toimplement strictly and fully the laws ‘, said a spokesman. His side, Ernst & Young has refused to comment on the confidential information.
In the debate in the United States on the multinational tax avoidance strategies, these new revelations should be of interest to the Obama administration. For its part, the European Commission, which is investigating tax practices of several European States, including the Luxembourg, and suspected of undue State aid in favour of certain enterprises, should be look into these new secret agreements. ‘ We consider the Luxembourg Leaks as a market information, said recently the Commissioner responsible for competition, Margrethe Vestage.» We will review this information and will see if this leads us to Open new investigations. »
See also our explanation:
How the Luxembourg helps businesses into tax exile
Learn more about:
http://www.lemonde.fr/Economie/article/2014/12/09/luxleaks-35-Multinationales-montrees-du-doigt-dont-Skype-et-disney_4537635_3234.html#zVqkt2SIyf26bVVd.99

And how much is their fortune? Discover the ranking of the 10 richest families of the Kingdom.
1 families of Spoelberch, Mevius, Vandamme
Stella Artois breweries – 13.762 million euros
These families, major shareholders of AB Inbev, prance for years at the head of this classification. And after the increase of capital of more than $ 10 billion, conducted through the recent merger of Inbev with the US group Anheuser-Busch, they will not be deprived rapidly.
2 family Colruyt
Group of distribution Colruyt – 2.417 million euros
Holder of the Group’s supermarkets number 1 in Belgium, the Colruyt family rose to the second position, previously occupied by the brother family.
3 family Lhoist-Bergmans
Lhoist group – 1,933 million euros
Simple small Walloon factory to debut a little less than a century ago, the Lhoist group has become one of the world’s leading producers of limestone and dolostone (sedimentary rock), for industry, agriculture and the environment and ensures its owners the 3rd fortune of Belgium.
4 family Emsens
SCR-Sibleco – 1916 million euros
When the Emsens family founded his company for the extraction of sand at the end of the 19th century, she does not suspect that it would end up, 100 years later, the head of the world’s leading group of sand and minerals extraction. And the 4th largest Belgian fortune by extension.
5 family brother
Compagnie Nationale à Portefeuille (CNP) – 1.905 million euros
The NOC holding, stock exchange, which holds the Walloon brother family suffered from the crisis. Without provided risking bankruptcy, brother family thus lost more than one million euros, falling from 2nd to 5th place in the standings.
6 family no
Jan De Nul Group – 1.564 million euros
Founded in 1938 by Jan De Nul, the eponymous dredging companies grew up to be part of the world leaders in the field. Today active in projects of construction in the Gulf, they realize a profit margin that made their family owned one of the richest in the country.
7 family Cigrand
Cobelfret – 1,247 million euros
The Charter company is on track to become the first company of the Belgian port sector. What help the Cigrand family to climb even higher in the rankings?
8 family Boel
Group Boel – 1.132 million euros
Native of Hainaut, the family Boel launches in the 19th century metallurgical facilities. Ennobled after the 1st World War, the family enters the main Belgian financial groups. Subsequently ownership of a holding company comprising among other Sofina, the Boël family also holds stakes in Danone, Colruyt, d’Ieteren, Delhaize Group, Total, Suez, Belgacom, Fortis and Dexia. Nothing less…
9 family Clercq
Interparking – 1,000 million euros
Claude De Clercq founded in 1958 the first Belgian parking, parking 58, street of the Bishop, in the heart of Brussels. 50 years later, his company Interparking, number 3 of the sector at European level, manages 261,000 parking spaces, divided into 328 underground car parks in Europe.
10 families Van Rompuy and Rodney
Argenta – 815 million euros
Founded in 1956 through modest capital of Rodney and Van Rompuy families, the banking group Argenta arrived to position itself as the fifth financial institution in Belgium. The economic crisis of the last year and the loss of confidence of savers in banks has finally shot has its advantage, allowing the two founding families to enter directly in 10th place in the ranking.

In the top of individual fortunes , lie, according to Forbes , the businessman of Kazakh origin Patokh Chodiev, with 3.3 billion, and Albert Frère, with 3.1 billion.

Tags :2014-12-10, Case LuxLeaks, tax evasion, Tax – Evasion Tax evasion, multinational, Luxembourg, Walt Disney Company, Ernst & Young, legal advisor, tax advisor, Office Expertise accounting Decotignies in Ronse, abusive tax pressure, judges and Justice for all, Justice Belgian, corporate tax, course of obstacles, McDonald’s, Colruyt, NISSE, Etienne Davignon, offshore jurisdictions, KPMG, Price Waterhouse, offshore companies, multiple tax optimization, l ‘ Oréal, in a State of law. all what is not prohibited is allowed!, tax gifts, Government Michel, Crisis social, social Injustice, war of the classes in Belgium, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Decotignies Jean-Pierre accounting and legal advisor, Deloitte and KPMG, Paradis Fiscal, Verizon, Ikea, Burderry, Coca Cola, caterpillar, Abbott, Amazon, Heinz, evade tax is legal, illicit capital flight, legal capital flight, Luxleaks </b147 >, Jean-Claude Juncker, tax evasion, taxes multinational companies, special taxes (ISI) Inspection, financing, tax practices, banking secrecy, Palace of justice in Brussels, Brussels Prosecutor abandons prosecution, fraud to the European Commission, fraud and embezzlement, Apple, Pepsi, AIG, independent NISSE, SNDI, Social Justice, taxation, corruption of a European Commissioner, corruption s inequalitysocial, injustice, Mons Labour Court, Tribunal of labour Tournai, Court of appeal of Mons, big fortune, Belgacom, Delhaize, real wealth, Belgium, Brussels, events, consultation, tax payable, tax dumping, tax, l ‘ Oréal, taxation, Jean Paul Dias, Indian company Arcelor-Mittal, Walloon Government, Walloon Parliament, Walloon Region, consultants juridiques of the Walloon Government, the employee’s work, intrest, KBC, Arcelor-Mittal, AB InBev, Hewlett Packard, GDF Suez, InBev, GlaxoSmithkline Biologicals, minimize taxes, multinational enterprises wages, NISSE, NISSE Mons, NISSE / injustice, controller tax, Prime Minister Charles Michel, Charles Michel Minister, Ikea, E-Y Building has better working world, shut up and accept, social laws, Court of appeal Street rights of human 1-7000 MonsSwissLeaks

The Rothschild Manifesto – circa 1840?

1. the law is FORCE disguised right of use. (Law, codes, regulations)

2. policy freedom is an idea, not a fact and is only an illusion and distraction.

3. use ‘Liberalism’ control through « GRADUALISM » through ‘education ‘. (OBE)

4. Governments must be destroyed by either external (war) or internal (liberalism and corruption).

5. we get control over all savings of the Government to control the money supply.

6. THE END ALWAYS JUSTIFIES THE MEANS. « ALWAYS! »

7. FORCE & could = right, there is no moral or ethical code absolute. (No biblical law)

8. we have the right to rebuild all existing INSTITUTIONS.

9. we will become the supreme Lords on all people.

10. the power of money must remain hidden and SECRET, until we are in a position of power that no one can stop our PLAN. (Fractional reserve banking / debt paper money-based)

11. we use alcohol, drugs, sex, pornography, gambling, all the VICES and moral CORRUPTION to destroy all NATIONS youth.

12 we have the right to property seize any and all, by all means necessary to put all people under our control. (Merger of the Admiralty/Maritime law and equity, abolishin of the common law, corruption and the registration of title / land.)

13. we will use the terms  » liberty, equality and fraternity » which will put in place a « new ARISTOCRACY ». (French revolution)

14. the qualifications required for this ‘ARISTOCRACY’ will be wealth, which we will.

15. wars will be initiated, funded and directed so that we control BOTH SIDES((c’est valable pour les guerre,mais pour les républiques,et pour les états unis d’Amérique blanc de préférences), placing all additional parts in our debt.) (American revolution through Desert Storm, Afghanistan and WW III?)

16. the candidates for public office will be selected, trained and groomed, subservient and docile.macron, touraine, taubirar valleaud Basha (although on diise), leguen, ledriand,… in short all Ministers.

17 we will control all major INFORMATION and media points .

A short list of the most powerful and dangerous people and families in the world.

1. the family Rothschild (Bauer, actually) of Europe, bankers of the Crown of Great Britain, the

The Crown Temple, the Vatican, in most developed countries, and North America (see link above).

2. the family of Rockefeller of New York, Arkansas, W. Virginia, Argentina and the Australia.

Banking, energy, oil, real estate, shipping and intelligence agencies.

3. the family of Edgar Bronfman of Canada and the u. s. (Seagram spirits distillation, film

Studios, media)

4 Michael Eisner, insider bumps media (ABC Co. )Disney, TV, film, manufacturing and distributing).

5 Bill Gates (Microsoft Co.)Magna cum Laude graduate of the Rockefeller of the business school.

6 George W. Bush (the President of United States of America) Skull and Bones, traitor of the first order.

7. the Queen Elizabeth II (family Windsor of Great Britain), German and Greek usurpers of the British Crown.

East India Co.

8 Alan Greenspan (Chairman of the Federal Reserve System, fractional reserve banking officer

stooge for the cartel of money)

9. the Prime Minister of Israel (implemented by the Rothschild at the end of the war!

10 George Soros (Rothchild, raider currency (t) and speculator, extraordinary looter)

11. the Secretary of the Treasury, AKA Governor of the IMF, Rockefeller & Rothchild agent.

12. the Bush family from Texas and Maine, the 3rd Reich, Adolph Hitler, financial

Insiders of the NWO, drugs, oil, money-laundering, officials of the puppet masters. Founder of the

Carlisle group bin Laden family.

13 and finally and especially the Jesuits and the general of the Jesuits in the Vatican (the modern Roman Empire).

I do not know that I have missed some significant, others, which will lead probably to complaints from several quarters, but remember, God knows who they are and ultimately, they will respond to him and only him.

The pamphleteer

A short list of the most powerful and dangerous people and families in the world.

1. the family Rothschild (Bauer, actually) of Europe, bankers of the Crown of Great Britain, the

The Crown Temple, the Vatican, in most developed countries, and North America (see link above).

2. the family of Rockefeller of New York, Arkansas, W. Virginia, Argentina and the Australia.

Banking, energy, oil, real estate, shipping and intelligence agencies.

3. the family of Edgar Bronfman of Canada and the u. s. (Seagram spirits distillation, film

Studios, media)

4 Michael Eisner, insider bumps media (ABC Co. )Disney, TV, film, manufacturing and distributing).

5 Bill Gates (Microsoft Co.)Magna cum Laude graduate of the Rockefeller of the business school.

6 George W. Bush (the President of United States of America) Skull and Bones, traitor of the first order.

7. the Queen Elizabeth II (family Windsor of Great Britain), German and Greek usurpers of the British Crown.

East India Co.

8 Alan Greenspan (Chairman of the Federal Reserve System, fractional reserve banking officer

stooge for the cartel of money)

9. the Prime Minister of Israel (implemented by the Rothschild at the end of the war!

10 George Soros (Rothchild, raider currency (t) and speculator, extraordinary looter)

11. the Secretary of the Treasury, AKA Governor of the IMF, Rockefeller & Rothchild agent.

12. the Bush family from Texas and Maine, the 3rd Reich, Adolph Hitler, financial

Insiders of the NWO, drugs, oil, money-laundering, officials of the puppet masters. Founder of the

Carlisle group bin Laden family.

13 and finally and especially the Jesuits and the general of the Jesuits in the Vatican (the modern Roman Empire).

I do not know that I have missed some significant, others, which will lead probably to complaints from several quarters, but remember, God knows who they are and ultimately, they will respond to him and only him.

The pamphleteer

By Gerard Karageorgis in Justice February 14, 2015 at 08:00

Heritage hidden from the multi-millionaire Prime Minister Manuel Valls

Urgent need a 6th Republic. Manuel Valls has hidden 99% of the shares of a SCI holding assets of nearly EUR 2 million, putting them on behalf of his wife. The declaration of interests by Manuel Valls did appear as a Minister without real heritage (see the heritage of Manuel Valls) in debt. However, there is nothing according to Observatory of wastes.

In his declaration of assets, Manuel Valls said that 93 000 euros of assets, after deduction of its liabilities and borrowings. Valls said the owner of 2 apartments: 88 m² in Evry and a 44 m² in Paris in the 11th district. According to the Prime Minister, it is in this 44 m² studio that he lives with his wife, violinist Anne Gravoin…

But Manuel Valls has more than one trick in his bag! The Prime Minister is indeed married under the regime of separation of property and has only 1 only part of the SCI Homer who holds the 11th arrondissement apartment, the 99 other parts belonging to his wife. The SCI Homer does not have only the small studio where Valls and his wife are supposed to live, but 16 condominiums lots, for a total of 210 to 250 m². These lots of condominiums are valued between 1.6 and 2 million euros.

The description of the lots on the cadastral plan is edifying: 4 bedrooms, 5 bathrooms, 7 parts stay, 5 kitchens and 2 terraces… nothing that it! The « small studio » in which saw Manuel Valls resembles uncannily a huge apartment 11 rooms, at least.

Manuel Valls thus hidden 99% of the shares of a SCI holding assets of nearly EUR 2 million, putting them on behalf of his wife to do not have to declare the amount or existence.

If Manuel Valls and Anne Gravoin divorcing, the regime of separation of property would require to investigate the origin of the funds involved in the acquisition of the property held in co-ownership. It would be interesting to know if Anne Gravoin has well paid 99 per cent of the monthly instalments of the loan of the SCI and 99% of the initial contribution with his violinist stamps, or else if this is that of a round of sleight avoiding Manuel Valls to a muli-millionaire…

Transparency of public life , and will be republished shortly (www.hatvp.fr) written economy morning. What does not, normally, the falsity of the ‘old’ statements, a few months old. However, according to Charlie Hebdo published Thursday 9 October, some were skillfully (and perfectly legally) drafted! Thus, on that of Manuel Valls, in addition to the 93 000 euros of assets reported (net of debts, loans), the Prime Minister said owning an apartment of 88 m2 in Evry, and another 44 m2 in Paris. It is in this Parisian apartment of the 11th arrondissement (Bastille) Manuel Valls lives with his wife, violinist Anne Gravoin. A Prime Minister in a F2, this leaves thoughtful…

There was obviously a trick, that Charlie Hebdo has revealed in his paper from October 1st edition and then posted on its website a little later: married under the regime of separation as to property, Manuel Valls has only a single share of SCI Homer, who holds the 11th arrondissement apartment . The other 99 units (out of 100) are held by his wife. But above all, the SCI Homer does not a simple studio of 44 m2, but 16 condominiums lots, for a total of 210 to 250 m 2, all being valued between 1.6 and 2 million euros!

On clamp to read the description of the lots on the cadastral plan. In addition to the 4 rooms, which is quite normal on the surface, there are also 5 shower rooms or bathrooms (one per room, which is quite luxurious already) but also… 7 stay rooms, as well as 5… kitchens and 2 terraces! One can easily imagine that some pieces described as « kitchen » in the cadastre have been able since change assignment. Charlie Hebdo recalls that the Point had described « Bohemian » housing. Nevertheless, the F2 turns suddenly into a sumptuous apartment (duplex?) of 11 rooms, 15 considering that cuisine only enough torque Valls, and the other four have been transformed into office, lounge TV, dressing room, or even laundry… « We know others who worship live in a such Bohemian » dixit Charlie Hebdo.

The part of Manuel Valls in the SCI with his wife worth so that a few thousand euros, depending on the amount of the loan probably contacted by civil society to purchase 16 lots in copropriet e. the declaration of assets of Manuel Valls tells so the story of a man policy « without real heritage » as said le Figaro, which is giving exact. However, even under the separation of property regime, the spouses stand for a number of things, to start for the taxes that tax revenues and the couple’s property, irrespective of the marriage contract to which they subscribed.

Then, Manuel Valls and Anne Gravoin should it pay the ISF? A priori, no, is they are absolutely nothing else (of value), or, if they are (heavily) indebted also. The apartment housed in the SCI is certainly valued around 1.25 million euros (reduction of 30% on the deducted principal residence), or just below the limit of 1.3 million, triggering the ISF. But SCI is is certainly in debt in 2010 to make the acquisition: this debt is deducted from the taxable assets, « leaving room » in the patrimony of the spouses Valls own other property. Precisely, Manuel Valls said a 88 m2 apartment in Evry, which it does not know the value, but it is all even a few hundred thousand euros, as located in the Paris suburbs (South). In fact, Valls spouses are not subject to the ISF in 2015, require that their debts (in SCI or elsewhere) are equivalent to the amount of their other assets, outside the apartment of the 11th. Will they have to 600 000 euros of other real estate property, the SCI (or themselves directly) should be indebted to the tune of the same amount, not to exceed threshold EWB EUR 1.3 million.

In the end, the declaration of heritage transmitted by Manuel Valls upon his arrival at Matignon (and before, when he was Minister of the Interior) was clearly regular, but on the other hand, everything but sincere or loyal. Hide 99% of the shares of a SCI holding assets of nearly EUR 2 million, putting them on behalf of his wife, to not have to declare the amount or existence as a politician is certainly permitted by the Act. the family law judges know however song: upon the dissolution of a marriage, is always looking for the origin of the funds involved in the acquisition of property held in joint ownership. Anne Gravoin, violinist, would pay with its 99% the monthly instalments of the loan of the SCI-stamps, and would have brought 99% of the initial contribution? Maybe… or maybe not. However, everything suggests it as a maneuver intended to « launder » Manuel Valls a wealthy bourgeois label. It is sure that it is more difficult to ask the french from is tightening the belt when millionaire, or even multimillionaire, when one declares a « heritage » of 93 000 euros to 52 years!

Heritage of Francois Hollande also ausculté (for what is known) to estimate if it would have to pay the ISF, both with Ségolène Royal than Valérie Trierweiler . More recently, it is Emmanuel Macron which asked why (gross) EUR 2 million affected in Rothschild does had not submitted it to the ISF the following years… But explained to the concerned have made huge renovation works at his house in le Touquet. Forgetting however in passing that these works, unless the House threatened to collapse and that it was to save her, have logically created value, and increased that of the House in the eyes of the taxman… Except to admit that these two million euros was invested in the House to fund lost.

France singing under his 600 000 elect… is the taxpayers Portal there are too many to be effective, and above all too expensive. In cash, but also in various and diverse benefits: coupons plans, premiums…

The dual mandate is another French exception which it happen well, since multiple jobholders are less effective and more profligate than others. If even our elected officials were blameless! But many are pinched by the justice, despite the indulgence they enjoy sometimes.

For this policy must not be a trade, indeed, the requirement for transparency will remain illusory in the absence of a limitation of the dual mandate in time and a real status of elected representatives, which would prevent the Middle policy empower themselves from the rest of the statutory Jacky Naegelen.

It is understood, should not be enriched thanks to the policy. The requirement for transparency, which are we today rebat ears and on which announcements are expected for the Council of Ministers for Wednesday, April 24, is supposed to meet this legitimate concern.

But should we live policy? The question is more complex still. It is the professionalization of an activity eminently paradoxical, both at the service of citizens and located above them.

The policy became a profession from the middle of the 19th century, and there is not place regret. It was in 1848 that is instituted, while universal suffrage, « legislative compensation » which opens doors of national representation to the working classes. In his absence, only wealthy notables could afford to sit in the parliamentary assemblies.

The professionalisation of political activity is still the result of self-government gained by this sphere over the centuries. Enlargement of the role of the State has created a bureaucracy increasingly more intrusive, such that has well analyzed it the sociologist Max Weber.

Those are called « technocrats » later will have to be supervised by « elected », unless it does either reverse. The fact remains that the complexity and the right-of-way of the State over society led to the emergence of political trades full.

Caste of professional

For a variety of reasons, the professionalization of politics however was pushed too far. Left and right, the game of electoral career secreted an increasingly specialized elite. Its longevity and reproduction were performed by an entire system of overlapping mandates, control of the local fiefs and mastery of the political apparatus.

A caste of professional politicians was able to gradually control the democratic game. The phenomenon is brought to its climax when responsibilities enures to persons who have never exercised other professional activity in their existence.

Time of splendour, the PCF boasted to send workers to the National Assembly. In reality, Communist leaders were electing experienced permanent who had left the plant for many years. But this social memory was not without effect. You could say pretty much the same thing of all the teachers who have become elected in the seventies or eighties.

The militant devitalization of « parties of mass », which are moreover remained small in France, has dealt a fatal blow to this particular form of social advancement that represented the election for some citizens. There is little trade unionists or experienced community activists joining the National Assembly. The lack of openness on the social world is also characterized by the low number of entrepreneurs who dare to engage in the political arena.

A self-referential universe

Political staff is increasingly recruited according to an internal logic to the microcosm. François Fillon is ‘parliamentary assistants’ trades. Number of Socialist leaders such as Delphine Batho or Benoît Hamon, went directly from a militant activity of youth in political functions. These « professionals of the profession » expose themselves to live in a dangerous self-referential universe.

Bourgeoisie of device

Decentralization, with the multiplication of elected officials and public sector jobs that revolve around that result, also contributed to the formation of a class of professionals depend on policy for live. «The left is structured so more and more compared to French institutional specificity: the significant amount of elective related to stacking of local institutions», finds political Rémi Lefebvre.

The Greens themselves, long followers a way of doing politics ‘differently’ and wary respect notabilisation processes, are now snapped by positions of power. « I think two thousand the number of elected officials and political employees on five thousand real members, » says Martine Billard, former MP ecologist of Paris passed to the left party.

The cruelest denunciation of these phenomena has been pronounced by Gaetan Gorce. Pointing ‘ a process of oligarchisation of the unit leader of party ‘, the Nièvre Socialist Senator connects ‘confiscation’ of the PS ‘by a bourgeoisie of device’ in the’product of a professionalization in excess of public life which makes that one becomes always earlier, still young, dependent, to live, a mandate or or one who exercises it’ .

Restrict cumulation in time

How to get out of this spiral? It would be pointless to rely on an awareness, on the part of the political class, of the danger she runs to empower themselves at this point of the company.

Rare are the cases of elected officials who voluntarily abandon all their mandates to attempt a retraining and leave room for others. The « temptation of Venice » once sung by Alain Juppe, takes the myth. Policies saying « I could perfectly do something else » like alcoholics repeat « I quit drinking when I want » .

The radical remedy would be to establish a limitation on the overlapping mandates, not only in space but in time. This would avoid the creation of a class of professional politicians virtually for life.

Of course, the more clever attempt to circumvent this constraint passing a mandate to another type. But such a device would still introduce a greater porosity between politics and society.

Should then seriously look on the status of elected representatives. A renewal of the political class is possible only if his breast in a professional lifetime commitment becomes less perilous.

It is trades that can be put in brackets, the elected time, more difficult than others. It is no coincidence that as few private or entrepreneurial employees sit on the benches of the National Assembly. Devices facilitating and back between professional life and elected remain to be invented.

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